Articles and Papers
“Aggression und Reaktion: Russland, die Ukraine und der Westen,” OSTEUROPA, nos.1-2, 2015 (English version published and German version republished by Eurozine, May 6, 2015).
“Moscow and the Middle East: Repeat Performance?” Russia in Global Affairs, July-September 2012. (Russian translation: “Сирия для России как Афганистан для СССР?” Россия в глобальной политике, September-October 2012).
“Russia and Iran.” Middle East Policy, Fall 2012. (German translation: “Partnerschaft mit Grenzen: Russland und Iran.” OSTEUROPA, June-August 2012).
“What Would a Democratic Russian Foreign Policy Look Like?” New Zealand International Review, March/April 2012. (Russian translation: “Не в демократии дело,” Россия в глобальной политике, March-April 2012).
“The Putin-Chavez Partnership,” Problems of Post-Communism, July-August 2006.
“Revolutionary Change in Central Asia,” World Affairs, Spring 2006.
“Putin’s Foreign Policy toward Syria,” Middle East Review of International Affairs, March 2006.
“Primakov Redux? Putin’s Pursuit of ‘Multipolarism’ in Asia,” Demokratizatsiya, Winter 2006.
“Iran and America: Is Rapprochement Finally Possible?” Middle East Policy, Winter 2005.
“Transnational Revolutionary Ideologies,” Society, September/October 2005.
“Putin’s Pro-Israel Policy,” Middle East Quarterly, Winter 2005.
“Exploiting Rivalries for Prestige and Profit: An Assessment of Putin’s Foreign Policy Approach,” Problems of Post-Communism, May-June 2005.
“Saudi-Russian Relations Since 9/11,” Problems of Post-Communism, March-April 2004.
“Losing Balance: Russian Foreign Policy toward Iraq and Iran,” Current History, October 2003.
“Playing the Angles: Russian Diplomacy Before and During the War in Iraq,” Middle East Policy, Fall 2003.
“What Do We Do If the Saudi Monarchy Falls?” Comparative Strategy, January-March 2003.
“Russian-Iranian Relations in the Putin Era,” Demokratizatsia, Winter 2002.
“Revolution: Refining Its Defining” (with J. Milton Yinger), International Journal of Group Tensions, Winter 2001.
“Saudi-Russian Relations in the Putin Era,” The Middle East Journal, Autumn 2001.
“Unfaithful Allies,” Northwestern Journal of International Affairs, Summer 2001.
"The Embourgeoisement of Revolutionary Regimes: Reflections on Abdallah Laroui," Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, July-September 1998.
"The Khatemi Factor: How Much Does It Matter?" The National Interest, Spring 1998--expanded version published as "The United States and Iran: Ready for Rapprochement?" SAIS Review, Summer-Fall 1998.
"Election Day in Aden," Middle East Policy, September 1997.
"Central Asian Stability: Under Threat?" SAIS Review, Winter-Spring 1997--updated and abridged version published as "Tajikistan and Russia: Sources of Instability in Central Asia," Caspian Crossroads, Spring 1997.
"An Emerging Russian-Iranian Alliance?" Caspian Crossroads, Winter 1995/96.
"Africa's Borders: European Borders, Contested Rule," Current History, April 1995.
"Nationalism and the Legacy of Empire," Current History, October 1994--reprinted in Helen E. Purkitt, ed., World Politics 95/96 (Dushkin Publishing Group, 1995).
"The Legacy of Empire in International Relations," Comparative Strategy, October-December 1993.
"Yemeni Unity and Saudi Security," Middle East Policy, 1992--Arabic translation published in Abdu al-Sharif, ed., Political Studies on Yemen (American Institute for Yemeni Studies, 1996).
"Superpower Conflict Resolution: Lessons for the Future," The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, November 1991.
"Beyond the Reagan Doctrine: Reassessing U.S. Policy toward Regional Conflicts," The Washington Quarterly, Winter 1991
"Uregulirovanie konfliktov sverkhderzhavami: uroki na budushchee" (Superpower Conflict Resolution: Lessons for the Future), SShA (USA--the journal of the USA and Canada Institute, Moscow), November 1990.
"Why Does the Cold War Continue in the Third World?" Journal of Peace Research, November 1990.
"Can the Superpowers Plot Peace?" The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, May 1990.
"The Decline of Soviet Power: Implications for International Relations," Survival, January-February 1990--revised version published in Estrategia (Lisbon), Spring 1990.
"Evolving Soviet Perceptions of U.S. Strategy," The Washington Quarterly, Summer 1989.
"Soviet Policy in the Middle East," Current History, February 1988--republished as "Gorbachev and the Middle East," Current, June 1988.
"Soviet Military Policy toward the Third World," The Washington Quarterly, Fall 1986.
"Civil Conflict in South Yemen," Middle East Review, Fall 1986.
"The Soviet Union and the Third World," Current History, October 1986.
"Estrategies Sovietiques au Proche-Orient," (Soviet Strategies toward the Near East), Etudes Polemologiques (Paris), 1er trimestre 1985.
"Soviet Policy in the Gulf States," Current History, January 1985.
"Sanaa and the Soviets," Problems of Communism, January-February 1984.
"The Soviet-Cuban Connection," International Security, Summer 1983--republished as Brookings General Series Reprint, #399 (Brookings Institution, 1984).
"On the Significance of V.M. Kulish," Studies in Soviet Thought, April 1983.
"The Origins of the Vietnam War," The Review of Politics, April 1980.
Review of No Other Way Out: States and Revolutionary Movements, 1945-1991, by Jeff Goodwin; Sultanistic Regimes, ed. by H.E. Chehabi and Juan J. Linz; and Revolutionary Movements in Latin America: El Salvador’s FMLN and Peru’s Shining Path, by Cynthia McClintock, Studies in Comparative International Development, Winter 2003.
“Saudi Arabia and Russia,” in Neil Partrick, ed., Saudi Arabian Foreign Policy (I.B. Tauris, 2016).
“Transnational Revolutionary Ideologies and Movements,” in Erik Brattberg and Daniel S. Hamilton, eds., Global Flow Security: A New Security Agenda for the Transatlantic Community (Center for Transatlantic Relations, 2014).
“Iran and Russia: Wary Cooperation,” in Michel Makinsky, ed., L’Iran entre les grands acteurs régionaux et globaux (L’Harmattan, 2012).
“The Shanghai Cooperation Organization—A View from the U.S.,” in Akihiro Iwashita, ed., Toward a New Dialogue on Eurasia: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Its Partners(Hokkaido University Slavic Research Center, 2007).
“Prospective Impacts of Russia and Iran,” in Richard M. Auty and Indra de Soysa, eds., Energy, Wealth and Governance in the Caucasus and Central Asia: Lessons Not Learned (Routledge, 2006).
“Assessing Saudi Susceptibility to Revolution,” in Joseph A. Kechichian, ed., Iran, Iraq, and the Arab Gulf States (Palgrave, 2001).
“Post-Soviet Russian Foreign Policy toward the Middle East,” in Manochehr Dorraj, ed., Middle East at the Crossroads: The Changing Political Dynamics and the Foreign Policy Challenges (University Press of America, 1999).
"Collapsed Empires," in Chester A. Crocker and Fen Osler Hampson, eds., Managing Global Chaos (U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 1996).
"Mechanisms of Conflict Resolution," in I. William Zartman and Victor A. Kremenyuk, eds., Cooperative Security: Reducing Third World Wars (Syracuse University Press, 1995).
"Emerging Patterns in the International Relations of Central Asia," in Adeed Dawisha and Karen Dawisha, eds., The Making of Foreign Policy in Russia and the New States of Eurasia (M. E. Sharpe, 1995).
"External Powers and the Yemeni Civil War," in Jamal S. al-Suwaidi, ed., The Yemeni War of 1994: Causes and Consequences (Saqi Books/The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, 1995).
"America's Post-Cold War Military Policy in the Third World," in Mohiaddin Mesbahi, ed., Russia and the Third World in the Post-Soviet Era (University Press of Florida, 1994).
"Analyzing the Changing Foreign and Domestic Policies of the Former USSR," in Andrew A. Michta and Ilya Prizel, eds., Postcommunist Eastern Europe: Crisis and Reform (St. Martin's Press, 1992)..
"Soviet Military Policies in the Third World," (with Robert S. Litwak) in Bruce Parrott, ed., The Dynamics of Soviet Defense Policy (Wilson Center Press, 1990).
"Moscow and the Gulf War," in Christopher C. Joyner, ed., The Persian Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy, Law, and Diplomacy (Greenwood Press, 1990).
"Soviet Interests in the Gulf," in M.E. Ahrari, ed., The Gulf and International Security (Macmillan, 1989).
"The Evolution of the Brezhnev Doctrine under Gorbachev," in Kurt M. Campbell and S. Neil MacFarlane, eds., Gorbachev's Third World Dilemmas (Routledge, 1989).
"Gorbachev's African Policy," in Robert I. Rotberg, ed., Africa in the 1990s and Beyond (Reference Publications, 1988).
"Anti-Soviet Insurgencies: Growing Trend or Passing Phase?" in Roger E. Kanet, ed., The Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and the Third World (Cambridge University Press, 1987).
"Iraq and the Superpowers," in Frederick W. Axelgard, ed., Iraq in Transition (Westview Press/Mansell, 1986).